IS THE UNITED NATIONS' SPECIALIZED INDUSTRIAL AGENCY,
MANDATED TO PROMOTE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
AND INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIAL COOPERATION
and when was UNIDO established?
During the 1950s
and 1960s, many countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America gained
their independence while during the same period countries with centrally-planned
economies were seeking to achieve stability. Recognizing the key
role that industry could play in economic development and social
wellbeing, in 1961 the Member States of the United Nations established
a Centre for Industrial Development at its Headquarters in New York.
On 17 November 1966, the United Nations General Assembly passed
resolution 21/52 setting up the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization (UNIDO) as its industrial development arm. The following
year, UNIDO moved its Headquarters to Vienna, Austria, where it
remains today. In 1985, it became a specialized agency, with its
own budget, Member States and executive head.
are UNIDO's goals?
towards improving the quality of life of the world's poor by helping
countries achieve sustainable industrial development. It views industrial
development as a means of creating employment and income in order
to overcome poverty. UNIDO helps developing countries produce goods
they can trade on the global market, and helps provide the tools
- training, technology, and investment - to make them competitive.
At the same time, it encourages production processes that will neither
harm the environment nor place too heavy a burden on a country's
limited energy resources. Over two billion people, mostly in rural
areas of the developing world, have no access to commercial sources
of energy. One of UNIDO's priorities is to encourage the use of
alternative sources of energy - solar, wind, biomass and water -
and in so dong help those countries and regions affected to achieve
What has UNIDO achieved?
Since its establishment,
UNIDO has helped many countries meet their development goals through
industrial development. Although sub-Saharan Africa has always been
a priority area for UNIDO, in many instances individual achievements
have yet to be translated into a continent-wide improvement in living
standards. Much work clearly remains to be done.
does it work?
to its earlier years, where the tendency was towards the provision
of individual services, UNIDO now provides custom-made packages
of services covering such areas as industrial governance and statistics,
investment and technology promotion, industrial competitiveness
and trade, private sector development, agro-industries, sustainable
energy and environmental management it also helps countries meet
their obligations under a number of multilateral environmental agreements,
including the Kyoto and Montreal Protocols.
takes the decisions?
a business plan adopted by its Industrial Development Board in 1997.
The Board, comprising 53 members elected on a rotational basis from
UNIDO's 171 Member States, meets three times in a two-year period
to review the Organization's work and budget. Its subsidiary organ,
the Program and Budget Committee (27 members) is responsible for
preparing work programmes and budgets for the consideration of the
Board. The highest decision-making authority is the General Conference
that meets every second year. The General Conference sets out UNIDO's
guiding policies, elects the members of the Industrial Development
Board and the Program and Budget Committee, and every four years
appoints a Director-General as the Organization's executive head.
The current Director-General, Kandeh K. Yumkella from Sierra Leone,
assumed office in December 2005.
is UNIDO funded?
on a regular and an operational budget, as well as on voluntary
contributions for technical cooperation activities. The total volume
of UNIDO operations for 2006 - 2007 is estimated at Euro 355.8 million.
The regular budget represents the assessed contributions of its
Member States, including other income, and amounts to Euro 154 million
during the same period, while the operational budget is Euro 20.2
million. Technical cooperation expenditures, estimated at Euro 185
million for 2006 - 2007, are funded mainly through voluntary contributions
from donor countries and institutions, as well as from multilateral
funds and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
is UNIDO staffed?
around 650 staff members at its Headquarters in Vienna and other
established offices. In addition, for its project assignments, the
Organization draws on nearly 2,800 international and national experts
annually. UNIDO also has liaison offices in Geneva (Switzerland),
New York (United States) and Brussels (Belgium).
Where UNIDO is present?
UNIDO is represented
in some 42 countries, either by a designated country or regional
office or by UNIDO Desk located within a UNDP country office. Additionally,
it operates a network of 19 investment and technology promotion
offices and units, finances by the countries in which they are located.
It also has 43 National Cleaner Production Centres, established
jointly with United Nations Environment Program and 9 International
Technology Centres in various countries. 44 Subcontracting and Partnership
Exchanges in over 30 countries facilitate production linkages between
small, medium and large manufacturing firms and link up with global
markets and supply chain networks.